8 Horror Movies Inspired By True Stories
Jaws, Psycho and A Nightmare on Elm Street may be the stuff of nightmares, but they were all based on very real, very scary events.
A Nightmare on Elm Street (1984)
A Nightmare on Elm Street writer-director Wes Craven was creeped out by a story in the L.A. Times about three immigrants who died in their sleep. In one case, the man’s family begged him to go to sleep, but he insisted that his nightmares were different from anything he’d ever experienced and was terrified he’d die if he went to sleep. When he finally did fall asleep…he died. Craven also said that villain Freddy Krueger was based on a real-life creep: “The hat was the kind worn by men when I was a kid, and there was one particular man who scared me. He was a drunk that came down the sidewalk and woke me up when I was sleeping. I went to the window to look…He looked right into my eyes. I went back and hid for what I thought was hours. I finally crept back to the window, and he was still there! Then he started walking almost half-backwards so that he could keep looking at me.”
When a sheriff visited Ed Gein’s Wisconsin farm in 1957, he was expecting to find a robbery suspect. Instead, he stumbled upon a true house of horrors: there was a bowl made from a human skull—and a chair, lampshade, and a suit made out of skin. After Gein was arrested, investigators discovered the remains of 10 women at his farm. He was committed to a mental institution for the rest of his life. In 1959, author Robert Bloch used Gein as the model for Norman Bates in his novel Psycho (including Gein’s unhealthy fascination with his domineering mother), and then Alfred Hitchcock turned it into a movie. Bonus: Gein also inspired Leatherface from The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, Buffalo Bill from The Silence of the Lambs, and Bloody Face from the TV show American Horror Story.
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The Blob (1958)
Steve McQueen became a star in this classic film about alien goo that grows and grows and swallows a small Pennsylvania town. Writer Irving H. Millgate got the idea from a story in the Philadelphia Inquirer: On the night of September 26, 1950, two cops reported a flying saucer approximately two metres in diameter. After it landed, they shone their flashlights at it, and it glowed purple. When one of the men tried to pick it up, it dissolved, leaving him with sticky hands. Within a half hour, the rest of the object had dissolved. That’s basically how the movie starts (except in real life the alien didn’t eat the town).
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The Amityville Horror Films (1979 -2015), The Conjuring Films (2013-16) and Annabelle (2014)
In 1952, Ed Warren, a self-described “demonologist,” and his wife Lorraine, a “trance medium,” founded the New England Society for Psychic Research. Twenty years later, the Warrens investigated the Lutz family home on Long Island, New York, where six murders had occurred. That case inspired The Amityville Horror franchise. The Warrens’ investigation of similar ghostly events involving the Perron family home in 1971 became The Conjuring. And the movie Annabelle came from a “haunted doll” case that the Warrens investigated in 1970.
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The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974)
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is loosely based off of the murderer Ed Gein. He was active from 1954 to 1957 and, similar to Leatherface, he would wear his victims’ scalps and faces. The main difference: Gein used a gun to kill his victims, not a chainsaw. But the producers of the movie wanted to make the storyline a little more thrilling.
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The Girl Next Door (2007)
This disturbing movie tells the story of two teenage girls who were orphaned by their parents’ death. They go to live with their aunt, and she holds them captive, beats them, and tortures them, ultimately leading to their death. This is based off of the real life story of Sylvia Likens. Her parents left her with a family friend while they travelled for work. Similar to the gruesome events in the movie, the family friend terrorized Sylvia and eventually killed her.
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The Hills Have Eyes (1977)
The Hills Have Eyes is loosely inspired by the terrifying tale of a 16th century Scottish man, Sawney Bean. Bean and his 14 children lived in caves and were cannibals, reportedly responsible for the deaths of more than 1,000 people. The movie depicts a family stranded in a desert victimized by cannibals, similar to the Bean family.
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Peter Benchley, who wrote the 1974 novel Jaws, got the idea for a killer shark story after chartering boat rides with a fisherman named Frank “Monster Man” Mundus (who claimed he was the inspiration for the gruff character Captain Quint). The book’s plot was inspired in part by the summer of 1916 when a rogue great white shark (da-dum) lurking in the waters (da-dum da-dum) off the Jersey shore (da-dum da-dum da-dum da-dum) killed five unlucky swimmers.